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Frequently Asked Questions
What is happening in Libya?
Libya today is split in two rival camps. In the West, the Tripoli-based, UN-back Government of National Accord (GNA) led by Prime Minister Fayez al-Serraj; in the East, Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar’s Libyan National Army (LNA) and the Tobruk-based House of Representatives (HoR). Since April 4th, 2019 the two sides have been fighting for control of the capital Tripoli.
Why are there two governments in Libya?
The HoR was controversially elected in 2014, challenging the legitimacy of the Tripoli-based General National Congress (GNC), which was established after Operation Odyssey Dawn (the international military operation led by the US to enforce UN Security Council Resolution 1973 in Libya). Due to controversy about constitutional amendments the HoR refused to take office from the GNC in Tripoli. Instead, they established their parliament in Tobruk.
Who is Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar?
Field Marshal Khalifa Belqasim Haftar (born c. 1943) is a Libyan-American military officer and the head of the LNA, which, under Haftar's leadership, replaced nine elected municipal councils by military administrators, and as of April 2019, was engaged in armed conflict with forces loyal to the GNA in an attempt to conquer Tripoli.
What is the Libyan National Army (LNA)? Who supports it?
The Libyan National Army is a political faction in Libya and was formerly the country's national military, consisting of a ground force and air force. It was established by the Libyan government following the collapse of the Gaddafi regime in 2011, as Libya's previous national army was defeated by the military intervention by NATO. In 2014, the LNA became its own political faction when Haftar launched “Operation Dignity”, a military coup against the Islamist-dominated GNC in Tripoli. Most of the Libyan military sided with Haftar. The LNA was the military of Libya until late 2015, when the internationally recognised GNA was established in Tripoli, and established its own Libyan Army.
What is the Government of National Accord (GNA)? Who supports it?
The GNA is an interim government for Libya, currently led by Prime Minister Fayez al-Serraj, that was formed under the terms of the Libyan Political Agreement, a United Nations-led initiative, signed on 17 December 2015. The agreement was unanimously endorsed by the UN Security Council, which welcomed the formation of a Presidency Council for Libya and recognized the GNA as the sole legitimate executive authority in Libya.
What is Libya Desk?
Libya Desk is the first political risk consultancy producing unbiased analysis and reliable forecasts on Libya. Working in close proximity to key decision makers, we have played an active role in consulting the majority of international and domestic actors for the last two years. Going forward, our goal is to provide the same level of analysis and information on Libya to our readers.
What services does Libya Desk provide?
Libya Desk provides four core service packages:
Libya Desk MEMOS
A free monthly newsletter with a limited overview of key developments from our sources on the ground. Suitable for small organisations and individuals who are not operational in Libya.
Libya Desk ESSENTIAL
A paid weekly round-up of political developments, armed conflict, international community and breaking news. Suitable for organisations and individuals who cover Libya and want to keep up with the news cycle.
Libya Desk INTELLIGENCE
A comprehensive paid subscription that includes Libya Desk ESSENTIAL plus a monthly a report with in-depth analysis on Politics, Armed Conflict, International Community, and Tribal Networks in Libya. Suitable for organisations and individuals who cover Libya and require in-depth, evidence-based research to support their operational objectives.
Libya Desk CONFIDENTIAL
Private consultations, advisory, walk-in briefings, team training sessions, fact-checking and due diligence on specific operational challenges or projects. Suitable for organisations and individuals who have extensive operations in Libya and require tailored research and continued access to the Libya Desk team to fulfil their operational objectives.
Can I subscribe to Libya Desk as an individual?
Absolutely. Libya Desk services were designed to fit into your own work routine, whether you are a private individual, a consultant, or part of a larger Team. Browse our subscriptions.
Can I subscribe to Libya Desk as an organisation?
We are currently building the interface to support multiple accounts under a single corporate subscription package. In the meantime, get in touch with us to let us know your requirements.
Is Libya Desk affiliated to a political group, tribe, or faction?
No. Libya Desk was founded shall at no time be influenced by personal agendas or by any one interest, group, tribe, or faction.
We believe that, in order to nurture productive political dialogue and return Libya towards the path of economic growth and stability, all foreign and domestic actors in Libya should have access to the same level of objective, unbiased information.
We recognise that there is a problem of ethics and integrity in the biased, information-saturated media landscape that exists around Libya today. By ascribing to solid principles of trust and integrity, Libya Desk aims to become the most reliable source of information and consultation on politics in Libya. Read The Libya Desk Promise.